School suspension and expulsion interjurisdictional scan

Research Report Round-up by Deanna Huggett

In brief

The "School Suspension and Expulsion Interjurisdictional Scan" was completed as part of a study to better understand how suspension and expulsion programs are implemented across Canada, and their effectiveness and impact.

The report provides general information on the suspension and expulsion policies, programs and reporting methods of school boards in Canada’s 13 provinces and territories. It also highlights the supports offered to students who are suspended or expelled. Where available, the report provides evidence on the effectiveness of different approaches.

EENet's Deanna Huggett developed a Research Report Round-up of this scan. Research Report Round-ups are plain language summaries of research reports. View the PDF here.

Title and Link to Report: School Suspension and Expulsion Interjurisdictional Scan
Authors: Debbie Chiodo, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and Western University; Dr. Katina Pollock, Dr. Brenton Faubert and Cameron Hauseman, Western University; Paul Bakker, Social Impact Squared. This scan was completed as part of a research study by the Ontario Ministry of Education and Western Centre for Educational Leadership
Year: 2016
Location: London, Ontario
Type of study: This inter-jurisdictional scan summarizes publically available information on suspension and expulsion policies in kindergarten to Grade 12 ministries/departments of education across Canada. 
Key words: education, suspension, expulsion 
Language:  English 

What this report is about

This report was completed as part of a study to better understand how suspension and expulsion programs are implemented across Canada, and their effectiveness and impact. 

The report provides general information on the suspension and expulsion policies, programs and reporting methods of school boards in Canada’s 13 provinces and territories. It also highlights the supports offered to students who are suspended or expelled. Where available, the report provides evidence on the effectiveness of different approaches. 

Similarities are noted in the types of behaviours that lead to suspension and expulsion, length of suspension, factors that must be considered before a student is suspended or expelled, and the responsibilities of students, parents, teachers, and principals to promote safe learning environments for all students. The report identifies several effective strategies and interventions to reduce suspensions and support students who are suspended or expelled. 

How can this report be used

Educators, decision makers, and system planners can use this report to better understand the similarities, differences, and effectiveness of suspension and expulsion practices across Canada.

The report may also help youth mental health and substance use workers understand the nature and effectiveness of suspension and expulsion strategies as well as available interventions. 

Population addressed

Students attending primary and secondary schools in Canada. 

Contact person

Debbie Chiodo, MA, M.Ed (Counselling Psychology), PhD Candidate  
Program Consultant
Provincial System Support Program
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Debbie [dot] Chiodo [at] camh [dot] ca
519 858 5158 X 2215

 

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